||A tanker of such size as to take commercial advantage under worldscale (generally, tankers 80 000 – 119 000 dwt).
||At or towards the stern or rear of a ship.
||Seawater taken into a vessel’s ballast tanks in order to submerge the vessel to maintain proper stability, trim or draft.
||Where the charterer hires a ship without crew and the charterer takes responsibility for the ship maintenance, crewing and insurance as though the vessel was owned (similar to a lease).
|Bill of Lading
||A record of agreement between the Shipper and the Shipping Line regarding the transport of goods from one port to another.
||Baltic and International Maritime Council information and support service located in Copenhagen, Denmark.
||The forward most part of a vessel.
||Dry, loose cargo that is handled individually eg. pallets of drummed chemicals or bales of wool.
||General, multipurpose, cargo ship that carries cargoes of non-uniform sizes, often on pallets, resulting in labor-intensive loading and unloading. Also loosely known as “multi-purpose” vessels.
||Unpacked homogenous cargo transported in large volumes eg. grain or coal.
||Ship designed to carry dry, loose cargoes in bulk. Also known as a “Bulker”.
||A maritime term referring to a ship’s fuel.
||Capesize bulk carrier
||Bulk carrier between 130 000 and 180 000 dwt.
||Hiring out of a ship by a ship-owners.
||Hirer of a ship.
||Contract of agreement to hire a ship.
||A tanker, usually not larger than 40 000 dwt, designed to carry numerous bulk liquid chemical products in specially-coated or stainless-steel cargo tanks.
||An affiliation of ship-owners operating over the same route(s) who agree to charge uniform rates and other terms of carriage.
||Ship designed to carry containerised cargo.
||Deadweight or DWT
||The greatest weight of cargo, stores and all other consumables on the ship that a ship can carry, expressed in metric tonnes.
||The sum which has been fixed in a charter party for delay to a ship.
||The depth of a ship in the water. This distance is measured from the bottom of the ship to the surface of the water..
||FEU (Forty foot Equivalent Unit)
||Refers to container size standard of forty feet. Two twenty-foot containers or TEU’s equal one FEU.
|Flat rack container
||A container with no sides and frame members at the front and rear.
||Toward the bow of the ship.
||Handysize bulk carrier
||Bulk carrier between 22 000 and 38 000 dwt.
||The United Nations International Maritime Organisation
||Ships that move along regular routes at scheduled rates and specific times.
||Off-hire or downtime
||When a ship is temporarily out of operation with a loss of agreed charter hire as a result of dry-docking, breakdown etc.
||Senior members of a ship’s crew, qualified by examination, training and experience who are authorised and responsible in terms of STCW for bridge or engine room watch keeping, or command, of a ship and generally for its safe management.
||The holder of a freight contract with a cargo shipper.
||Panamax bulk carrier
||Bulk carrier between 60 000 and 75 000 dwt with a beam not exceeding the Panama Canal limit of 32.2 metres.
||The left side of a vessel looking forward toward the bow.
||A tanker designed to carry refined petroleum products in bulk. Modern examples are often also able to carry a limited range of so-called “easy” chemicals. Not normally larger than 50 000 dwt.
||Junior members of a ship’s crew, subordinate to the Officers, qualified by training and experience, responsible in terms of STCW for deck, engine room and catering tasks on board ship.
||An insulated container designed to carry cargoes requiring refrigeration. It’s fitted with a refigeration unit which is connected to the carrying ship’s electrical power supply.
||Refrigerated vessel fitted with refrigerated holds, used to transport frozen meat, fish and other cargo products requiring refrigeration.
||Abbreviation for Roll on / Roll off. A vessel with ramps, which allows vehicles and wheeled cargo to be loaded and discharged without cranes.
||South African Maritime Safety Authority
||A person or firm who transacts all business in a port on behalf of ship-owners or charterers.
||An organised group of ship owners and / or charterers who have pooled their fleets to more efficiently cover the market, and where profits and losses are shared.
||The right side of a vessel looking forward toward the bow.
||Standards for Training and Certification of Watch keepers – the IMO uniform standard governing seafarers’ qualifications.
||The back (aftermost) part of a vessel.
||A tanker of the maximum size capable of transit of the Suez Canal (Approximately 150 000 – 200 000 dwt).
||A duly qualified person who examines ships to ascertain their condition, on behalf of owners, classification societies, underwriters, maritime authorities, etc.
||A tank for liquid cargo fitted into a TEU container frame.
||Collectively the maintenance, crewing, storing and insurance management functions of a ship or fleet.
|TEU (Twenty foot Equivalent Unit)
||The standard length of a container and the unit used to express the container carrying capacity of a ship.
||Where the charterer hires a ship, which is crewed, maintained and ready for operation for an agreed fee and for an agreed period.
||Ships which move from port to port in search of cargo. Tramps carry bulk cargoes such as coal, grain and fertiliser. Most bulk carriers operate as tramps.
||Ultra Large Crude Carrier with a deadweight above 300 000 dwt.
||Very Large Crude Carrier with a deadweight between 160 000 – 320 000 dwt.
||Ship chartered for a single voyage.